This label does not distinguish the polarity of the relation (helping or hurting, which is sometimes termed maleficiary).
Specific subclasses include:
(May be an experiencer or recipient of the result.)
The first and last items above have analogues with Purpose. The key difference is that Beneficiary applies to an animate participant, whereas Purpose applies to an intended consequence or one of its inanimate participants.
A preposition can mark an individual in the context of evaluating how someone else is treating them, with a noun or adjective governor. If behavior is more salient than emotion, then Beneficiary is the scene role. If emotion is highly salient, then Stimulus is the scene role.
Emotion-focused, repeated from Stimulus#014:
Note that the emotion-focused examples can describe private emotional states directly, while the behavior-focused examples are behavior-based judgments or inferences about emotional states.
An obligation directed at somebody is analyzed like targeted behavior:
Similar to the behavior-focused examples, inanimate causes can have the potential to positively or negatively affect somebody. Ability and permission modalities are included here:
Beneficiary applies to the classic English benefactive construction where it is ambiguous between assistance and intended-transfer:
However, if transfer (or communication) is the main semantics of the scene and benefit or harm is no more than an inference, then the scene role is Recipient:
Animate or personified undergoer that is (potentially) advantaged or disadvantaged by the event or state.