Though Mandarin Chinese is a prepositional language, postpositions, named as localizers, occur in the language.
Adpositions in Mandarin Chinese
Easy Examples, only prepositions
hard examples, coverb + localizer
Both coverbs and localizers are categories in Chinese grammar that bear some relationship to adpositions. As exemplified below, xuéshù (i.e. 'academia') is surrounded by a coverb zài and a localizer shàng. Though coverbs frequently cooccur with localizers, the combinations are somewhat productive, so we treat them as separate targets for SNACS annotation.
'He successed in academia.' zh001
Coverbs usually precede the main predicate of the clause and introduce an NP argument to it. In this project, We annotate all coverbs that occur pre-verbally and coverbs that function as the main predicate are not annotated for supersenses.
Localizers are words that follow a noun phrase to refine its semantic relation. We annotate all localizers that occur as postpositions syntactically.
BA and DE
Discuss new construals