Animate who is aware of a bodily sensation, perception, emotion, or mental state.

Experiencer does not seem to have any prototypical adposition in the languages we have looked at. In English, it can be construed in several ways:

Bodily events with an Experiencer are limited to perceptions like seeing and hearing, and sensations such as pain and hunger. The undergoer of an involuntary bodily event like sneezing, bleeding, falling asleep, breaking a limb, or dying would instead be a Theme, as these events are primarily physical in nature.

One whose mental state (including events of knowledge, memory, belief, desire, intention) or emotion is described is an Experiencer. However, the individual is an Agent if exhibiting or acting on their thoughts/emotions, even internally (e.g. making a decision).

Less canonically, Experiencer applies to semi-pragmatic usages meaning ‘from the perspective of’:1

Elsewhere, the term cognizer is sometimes used for one whose mental state is described.

Counterpart: Stimulus or Topic

  1. Interestingly, many uses of for carry an information structural association of delimiting the scope of an assertion. For John, the party was not fun at all makes no commitment regarding how fun the party was to others. This food is good forPurpose dinner/forBeneficiary folks with dietary constraints and He is short forComparisonRef a basketball player also have this property. As the present scheme targets semantic relations, it is not equipped to formalize pragmatic aspects of the meaning. 

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Supercategory: Participant